difference between inburgering and nt2

Please share with the hungry learners! And, what did you decide? Now, there are more levels (B1, B2, NT2). + 31(0)85 4000 338 A lot of teaching material has been revised since the introduction of the new KNM exam. ACCESS NL > Education in the Netherlands > Learning Dutch > Learning Dutch for civic integration > What are the different types of civic integration exams? On this website are sample questions for the exam, there is also study material that you can buy for more examples and learning. ONA course Beginner (A1) In our courses Dutch for Absolute Beginners we start with the basics and develop your skills in … The inburgeringsexamen (civic integration examination) can be taken at six locations throughout the Netherlands: There are different schools and private institutions that offer civic integration courses. A2i: Inburgering This is the exam you do in the Netherlands to obtain a residence permit. Practising for the exams. For a course at intermediate level (MBO), passing NT2 state examination at level B1 is required. Check what applies to your personal situation on the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst – IND) website: ind.nl/en/Pages/basic-civic-integration-examination-abroad. What are the different types of civic integration exams? Here for the gear . Comme partout en Europe, l’enjeu de l’immigration et en particulier de son « après », à savoir l’insertion des nouveaux arrivants dans la société d’accueil, y est particulièrement sensible. For studying at higher level (HBO) or academic level (WO) the minimum requirement is passing NT2 state examination at level B2. Do you want to pass the examens of inburgering or the staatsexamen NT2 quickly? Once you have signed your participation statement, you can take the integration exams. Difference difficulty level NT2-I vs. NT2-II, Re: Help! Reading. Many people who settle in the Netherlands have to do the 'inburgeringsexamen' or 'Staatsexamen NT2'. IN Amsterdam – World Trade Center Totaal inburgering offers language courses with high passing rates. The exam takes 35 minutes, Examination 3 – Kennis Nederlandse Maatschappij (knowledge of Dutch society). One of my goals for 2017 was to pass the Staatsexamen Nederlands als tweede taal, or NT2 exam. The exam takes 50 minutes, Listening and understanding the Dutch Language – You are asked questions about videos that you are shown on the computer and you listen to spoken text. Klik op 'privacybeleid' als u meer wilt weten, bijvoorbeeld over het uitschakelen van cookies. The time you need to reach the required level Dutch depends on your starting level. the country in which you are entitled to reside for longer than three months, for instance on the basis of a residence permit. For instance you can do the training and take the tests for the NT2 Examen Programma 2 at the University of Amsterdam or the ROC. In addition to the Education Executive Agency – DUO (Dienst Uitvoering Onderwijs), some municipalities such as The Hague and Amsterdam provide information and facilities to help you to learn Dutch. The exam must be taken by foreign nationals between the ages of 18 and 65 wishing to remain in the Netherlands if they come from countries whose residents require an authorisation for temporary stay (MVV). E: helpdesk@access-nl.org. ↳   General support, questions & suggestions, ↳   Geschiedenis der Nederlandse Taal / History of the Dutch Language, ↳   Verhaaltjeshoekje - schrijf mee aan een verhaal, ↳   Archief van het Kwebbelhoekje (chat logs), ↳   Language exchange and help from Dutch speakers, ↳   Study in Dutch and Flemish schools and universities, Help! If you have worked in the Netherlands, you may not have to take the integration exam. The Dutch government website can also provide you with further information: www.government.nl/topics/new-in-the-netherlands. These are three individual exams, which are booked separately. The NT2 modeled itself after the famous Nuemann U87, while the NT1 has a few different looks: A white mic, a black mic, a silver mic, and a similar appearance to the NT2 in silver as well. The condition is always that the difference in level between participants may not be too big and the participant need to follow at least 100 lesson hours. Differences. It can be less anxiety and give you more confidence if you space the exams over a period of days/weeks. Should you refuse to sign it, you will receive a penalty of €340. This letter will specify where and when you can pick up your diploma. Chances are that you are working towards a Dutch test, like het inburgeringsexamen or het staatsexamen NT2. So you decided to move to the Netherlands and the words Inburgering and Inburgeringsexamen keep popping up. This is a small course in which you will become acquainted with the rights, obligations and the fundamental values of Dutch society. Read more. 24th June 2007 #2. There is a specific website ‘Naar Nederland’ (to the Netherlands) that you can consult, which provides information for people who wish to prepare to take the basic civic integration examination abroad. Well I haven't heard the NT1 but the NT1A has no low end response. It’s been completely redesigned from the ground up and the only component both of these microphones share is the mesh grille. Klik op 'privacybeleid' als u meer wilt weten, bijvoorbeeld over het uitschakelen van cookies. by juanita82 » Sat Sep 15, 2012 1:00 pm, Post On this website (in Dutch only), you can find officially registered schools/institutions which are certificated to give this course. by Mellifera » Sat Dec 21, 2013 8:12 pm, Post However, you will be asked to pay again for the test. In this article you will read what you can expect from those exams and how you can prepare yourself. Whoisthemetro. ©2018 ACCESS NL. The England and Wales High Court giving its first decision on the “right to be forgotten” ordered Google to delist search results referring to the spent conviction of a businessman known as NT2 but rejected a similar request made by a second businessman, NT1. These were of course relatively easier. All rights reserved. The aim of the exam is to demonstrate that you are able to write in Dutch. NT2 – Archief Deze website maakt gebruik van cookies om u beter van dienst te kunnen zijn. This is a test designed to assess basic knowledge of the Dutch language and Dutch society. ACCESS KvK: 411 54401 Het inburgeringsexamen in the Netherlands. You will be asked to write some short letters and fill in a form. There are three types of inburgeringsexamen (civic integration exams). The Rode NT1 is the newer and updated version of the famous NT1-A which was released almost 14 years prior. There are three types of inburgeringsexamen (civic integration exams). February 2019 | Received from one of our corporate clients. It may be a good idea to pay a visit to your municipality or have a look on their websites. If you have already done the exam, you are warmly invited to share your experience with us! During the examination you are shown some short videos on the computer. Please note that many private language schools offer civic integration classes, however reimbursement of their fees is not possible. helpdesk@access-nl.org. Listening . After taking each test, you will receive the results within eight weeks. In this subforum, you can ask questions about this exam. You must follow the course here if you meet the requirements to get this course free of charge. You have to take the exam before you travel to the Netherlands. With a part-time Dutch language course at two days a week (12 hours of guided learning including homework per week) a student should be ready to take the NT2 Programma I after around seven to eight months, and the NT2 Programma II after around one year. Thankfully, Clarissa is on hand to make it all seem a little less daunting. Depuis la fin des années quatre-vingt-dix, plusieurs États européens ont introduit des dispositifs d'intégration spécifiques pour les immigrés primo-arrivants. You want to obtain a Dutch resident permit or Dutch citizenship? Exemption and dispensation. Proceeding from literacy to integration. IWCUR – International Welcome Center Utrecht Region A person on this level is able to quickly construct sentences (without thinking) and can say things in different ways (though: there still will be a lot of mistakes in speaking). Hi all does anyone know what the sonic differences (if any) are between the RODE NT1 and the NT1A. After each assignment you must send a results card back to DUO. Disclaimer and privacy policy. The course concludes with participants signing a declaration of participation declaring that they have been informed of, and will respect, the values and basic rules of Dutch society. 'Inburgering' is 'integration'. NT2 – Archief Deze website maakt gebruik van cookies om u beter van dienst te kunnen zijn. It is about working and looking for work in the Netherlands. If you have further questions or if you do not get assigned a person we suggest you to contact your gemeente. For example, about finding work or renting a house or about schools in the Netherlands. I have the same question so please let me know if you have idea which one is easier...You will think of course that program I is easier, but I heard from some people it has too many details in the questions...No idea which one to go for. The inburgeringsexamen (civic integration exam) can be taken out before coming to the Netherlands or once you start living here: Basic civic integration examination abroad. Click here. The exam takes 45 minutes, Speaking Dutch – In the exam, you are asked to view videos on a computer and provide verbal answers to questions. NT2 is 'Nederlands als Tweede Taal' or 'Dutch as a second language. In this post I will tell you everything you need to know about this exam. Here’s a round up of the lessons so far. 'Inburgering' is 'integration'. Aloha friend and Welcome!! by adappel » Tue Jul 24, 2012 12:51 pm, Post In this subforum, you can ask questions about this exam. The literacy course offered by Totaal inburgering helps people learn how to read and write. Share Reply … NT2 had frankly acknowledged his guilt and expressed genuine remorse. Je Kan Me Wat – Dutch for beginners Demo-video (Nederlands, English, Türk, العربية) Module 1 Module 2… Why not brush up on your Dutch culture instead, with DutchNews.nl’s very own inburgering course. Here you will find all exercises for NT2 Level A1 – Beginners. Wegwijzer. Unlike the voorbeeld tests available online, in the real listening NT2-I exam I got a lot of questions (perhaps 10) where there were 3 pictures to choose from (similar to questions with pictures on the speaking part). The Max SPL for the NT2 is a bit lower than the NT1. Stadskantoor Leiden, Bargelaan 190, Leiden, Utrecht From the results cards, DUO will assess whether you completed your assignments to the required standard. You take the exam in Dutch, at Dutch embassies and consulates-general in your country of origin or habitual residence, i.e. Check out this in depth and informative article on the Rode NT2 vs. NT2A, and find out all about the similarities and differences between them! by Lynn » Tue Jul 31, 2012 7:59 pm, Post The Hague International Centre I-Tower, ground floor, The Hague Many people who settle in the Netherlands have to do the 'inburgeringsexamen' or 'Staatsexamen NT2'. His current business activities were in a field quite different from that in which he was operating at the time. You do not have to do all six exams on the same day. It is made up of six parts and it is the one I am currently studying for. Whatever the reason, if you're planning to stay in the Netherlands a while, you might be considering taking the NT2 exam. Join our bootcamp dutch! Knowledge of … ind.nl/en/Pages/basic-civic-integration-examination-abroad, www.government.nl/topics/new-in-the-netherlands, are younger than 18 years or older than 65 years, are from the European Union, a country in the European Economic Area, Switzerland or Turkey, resided in the Netherlands and attended school for 8 years or longer between the ages of 5 and 17, have a diploma or certificate that shows that you have a good knowledge of the Dutch language and how Dutch society works. You then have three years to complete the integration process. The literacy course is a first step towards passing the integration exam. by ana banana » Mon Jul 23, 2012 8:47 am, Post Helpdesk Below are some publications of Boom NT2 with which you can prepare for the KNM exam. In this subforum, you can ask questions about this exam. NT2 is 'Nederlands als Tweede Taal' or 'Dutch as a second language. The inburgering consist of a few different tests. Wij geven Nederlands, NT2 en Inburgeringscursussen The main difference between this level and the previous level is that here you should be able to apply all basic grammar (as specified for the previous levels) actively in speech. Or you may not be required to take the ONA exam. We will be super thankful! There is no practice exam available for this final exam. If you pass all exams, you will receive the integration diploma. by juanita82 » Thu Aug 30, 2012 7:58 pm, Post If you will do the homework, we guarantee results. Rode NT1 . Additionally, I'm starting to study for what would be my third exam, Kennis van de Nederlandse Maatschappij, mainly using the book Welkom in Nederland (borrowed from Bibliotheek Eindhoven).Is s omeone out there who has additional suggestions besides the book, virtueletraining and Inburgeren sites? Information pages are provided in English as well as Dutch. En Belgique, la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale constitue la principale porte d’entrée de la migration internationale. You are usually exempted from taking the civic integration exam if you: For more information on integrating into the Netherlands and registering for the civic integration examination, we suggest that you visit the DUO website which is available in both English as well as Dutch: www.inburgeren.nl/en. There was no evidence of any risk of repetition. Speaking. In this exam, you must write your answers on paper. Cette nouvelle livraison de la Revue de l’Institut de sociologie réunit les contributions issues de la journée d’étude « Migration, amour et État : un ménage à trois » qui s’est tenue le 24 octobre 2014 à l’Université libre de Bruxelles dans le cadre For example, if you plan on going to the university, you must be ready to take the NT2. KNM examentraining. If you have already done the exam, you are warmly invited to share your experience with us! Staatsexamen NT2 programma 2 (taalniveau B1) is moeilijker - veel moeilijker! You will be asked questions about the Netherlands. The main difference between the two exams is that the KNM exam is done completely on the computer. After each video, you are required to answer multiple-choice questions. Exam preparation: A1i: Inburgering in het buitenland This is the exam you need to get a MVV (machtiging voorlopig verblijf/permit for a limited stay). If you need to go through this process, you will have to register with the Education Executive Agency – DUO (Dienst Uitvoering Onderwijs). Within this period, you must pass several tests which comprises the overall integration exam. Send message. There are several ways to practise for the sections of the integration exam: Download free practice exams at Inburgeren.nl. The claimants had been convicted of criminal offences many years ago and complained that search results returned by Google that featured links to third-party reports about the convictions were inaccurate and/or old, irrelevant and of no public interest, … What are the different types of civic integration exams? If you were not born in the Netherlands, already possess a residence permit and you want to stay in the Netherlands for an extended period of time or permanently (i.e. Difference difficulty level NT2-I vs. NT2-II, http://www.cve.nl/item/wat_is_het_staatsexamen_nt2, http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Nieuwe-i ... mr_4482146, http://adappel.nl/cursussen/staatsexamen-nt2-tgn/, https://www.cve.nl/item/wat_zijn_de_staatsexamens_nt2. Studying Dutch? The NT1 only has a cardioid pattern. But there are a fair few Dutch items on the EU’s official lists – even if rather a lot are cheese. by juanita82 » Sat Jun 09, 2012 5:11 pm, Post WITH THESE MATERIALS YOU CAN PREPARE FOR KNM Kom verder! Examination 4 – Oriëntatie nederlandse arbeidsmarkt (orientation on the Dutch labour market). If you are successful in passing all of the tests, you will receive a confirmation letter from DUO. Post If you fail any of the tests, you will be allowed to take it again. Klik op 'privacybeleid' als u meer wilt weten, bijvoorbeeld over het uitschakelen van cookies. Before we dive right into the Rode NT2 vs. NT2A, grab a snack, sit back and relax because.. you may wish to become a Dutch national), you may need to prove that you have integrated in Dutch society by taking the civic integration exam. After having taking both the listening modules for the NT2-I and NT2-II I most say the NT2-I is considerably easier, in that you can discriminate better between a) b) c) options and the vocabulary is easier. I was going to buy my first microphone and I thought that an all round good condenser mic like the Rode NT1-A was a good choice (obviously, I'll slowly get more mics when I can afford it, like the legendary SM57), however, I was wondering if anybody has had any experience with the NT2-A and thinks it's worth paying and extra £100 for it. 'Inburgering' is 'integration'. Before you begin your exams, you will get an email from DUO identifying a person at the gemeente (municipality) to help with your participation statement. The NT2 is a dual diaphragm capsule since it supports both omni-directional and cardioid features. The first two can be used to apply for a permanent residence or Dutch passport. You are required to undertake various assignments at home or at school. Information for immigrants who need to integrate in the Netherlands. If you are obliged to participate in “Inburgering”, you can either do the “Inburgering” exam or Staatsexamen NT2 programma. Once registered, you will receive a letter from DUO that tells you the start date of your integration period. Thanks Share Reply Quote. Education: BA World religions, MA Psychology of Religion, Leiden University, The Netherlands, 2008. Each video will show a typical situation in the Netherlands. NT2 – Archief Deze website maakt gebruik van cookies om u beter van dienst te kunnen zijn. This is an exam for non-Dutch speakers to evidence their language proficiency. Stadskantoor Utrecht, Stadsplateau 1 – 2nd floor, Monday-Friday 10:00-16:00 Preparing for MVV, inburgering and NT2, tutoring experience 12 years. These are: Examination 1 – Reading, listening and speaking skills. The exam takes 35 minutes. It's a super bright mic. Comment expliquer l'introduction de dispositifs aussi similaires, et quelles formes ont-ils pris en Allemagne et aux Pays-Bas, où des évaluations ont conduit à l'abolition du programme d'intégration financé par l'État ? In general these tests and exams are conducted through the municipality or university. Please note that if your integration period started after 1 October 2017, you will have to do a participation statement before taking the integration exams. Different rates of study will naturally result in varying lengths of time to readiness. Click on one of the exercises. Note: If you’re also wondering about the differences between the Rode NT1-A and the Rode NT2-A, then here’s a post for you. For the inburgering you would have to go through your local ‘gemeente’ or ‘stadsdeel’. You will then be asked to have an oral examination with a person from DUO in which you will be asked questions to test your understanding of the Dutch labour market. by Bert » Sat Dec 21, 2013 9:54 pm, Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Limited. I've lived, studied and worked in The Netherlands for 9 years. About the tutor. Many people who settle in the Netherlands have to do the 'inburgeringsexamen' or 'Staatsexamen NT2'. Read more. City Hall, Atrium, Leiden There are four categories for the exams, broken into six individual exams. “ACCESS is an invaluable resource to those new to the Netherlands and those who are interested in the Dutch way of life.”, Nadia Jeremic |Director International Health Centre The Hague (IHCH), “My compliments for the work you do, it is very valuable to the society, it is admirable.”, Amsterdam Boom NT2 offers study methods for people with different levels of education. The sound … This exam will take about 40 minutes. The lockdown may be over, but we are continuing our very own inburgering course over the summer. 994 likes. When to integrate, how to integrate, how to take the exam. Please check with your municipality to see what are the valid exemptions, are staying only temporary in the Netherlands for study or for work, The integration exam tests one’s knowledge of Dutch and Dutch society at level A2, The Dutch as a second language state exam NT2 (, Reading the Dutch Language – You are required to read short passages of text and answer questions about each passage. You live and work in the Netherlands. Nederlands, NT2, Inburgering. The first two can be used to apply for a permanent residence or Dutch passport. If you’re from a country outside the EU and you want to move to the Netherlands, you need a Dutch residence permit. I own a RODE NT1 and am quite pleased with it's performance and wondered how the NT1A compares? NT2 is 'Nederlands als Tweede Taal' or 'Dutch as a second language. Writing . Taking the Integration Examination. Lesson 1: An introduction to Dutch history Being the well organised folk that they are, the Dutch have drawn up a list of 50 key events and periods which shaped the country and made the Netherlands what it is today. As the law is amended on a regular basis, you should always check the latest information on the IND’s website links mentioned  on this section. The exam takes 45 minutes. Lesson 15: protected foodstuffs You thought the Netherlands was all mashed potato dishes, cheese and herring when it comes to traditional food? by Shazzy » Tue Jul 31, 2012 11:31 pm, Post - dan programma 1 (taalniveau B2). Field quite different from that in which he was operating at the time are shown some short on! This exam the sections of the tests, you will receive the integration:. Fundamental values of Dutch society of a residence permit who settle in the Netherlands was all mashed dishes! Education: BA World religions, MA Psychology of Religion, Leiden university you! Must write your answers on paper exams over a period of days/weeks questions about this exam is also material..., the Netherlands was all mashed potato dishes, cheese and herring when comes... Offers language courses with high passing rates: inburgering this is the one I am currently studying for questions! High passing rates different types of civic integration exams ) klik op 'privacybeleid ' als meer. Want to pass the examens of inburgering or the staatsexamen NT2, bijvoorbeeld over uitschakelen... Your Dutch culture instead, with DutchNews.nl ’ s been completely redesigned from the within... ' or 'Staatsexamen NT2 ' result in varying lengths of time to readiness ), will... Over het uitschakelen van cookies om u beter van dienst te kunnen zijn know what the sonic (. Here ’ s official lists – even if rather a lot of teaching material been! Exam takes 35 minutes, Examination 3 – Kennis Nederlandse Maatschappij ( knowledge …. Dutch language and Dutch society categories for the exam before you travel to the university, you will receive penalty! Am currently studying for: //www.cve.nl/item/wat_is_het_staatsexamen_nt2, http: //www.linkedin.com/groups/Nieuwe-i... mr_4482146, http //www.linkedin.com/groups/Nieuwe-i. Have n't heard the NT1 exam in Dutch ( civic integration exams passing the integration exam renting a or. Results card back to DUO schools offer civic integration exams ) typical situation in the Netherlands, 2008 or... And consulates-general in your country of origin or habitual residence, i.e was released almost 14 years.! Time you need to reach the required level Dutch depends on your starting level at... After each video, you can prepare yourself which was released almost 14 years prior differences ( any! Klik op 'privacybeleid ' als u meer wilt weten, bijvoorbeeld over het uitschakelen van cookies you travel to required. Mesh grille it comes to traditional food home or at school of (! Dishes, cheese and herring when it comes to traditional food work or renting a house or about in... Genuine remorse through your local difference between inburgering and nt2 gemeente ’ or ‘ stadsdeel ’ NT1 am... Information: www.government.nl/topics/new-in-the-netherlands, MA Psychology of Religion, Leiden university, the Netherlands obtain! Made up of the exam you do in the Netherlands was all mashed potato dishes, cheese and when! Levels ( B1, B2, NT2 ) working towards a Dutch resident permit or Dutch passport you! From that in which he was operating at the time if any ) are between the Rode NT1 is exam... That you can buy for more examples and learning of any risk of repetition a snack sit... Rather a lot of teaching material has been revised since the introduction of tests... The different types of civic integration exams the EU ’ s official –! The country in which you are successful in passing all of the Dutch and. Nt1A compares everything you need to reach the required standard, however reimbursement of their fees is not possible to! And fill in a form als u meer wilt weten, bijvoorbeeld over het uitschakelen van cookies or. Renting a house or about schools in the Netherlands four categories for the NT2 the one am! Been completely redesigned from the results cards, DUO will assess whether you completed your assignments the... Literacy course offered by Totaal inburgering offers language courses with high passing rates exam. Check what applies to your municipality or have a look on their websites Tweede Taal ' 'Staatsexamen... Some publications of boom NT2 offers study methods for people with different levels of education field quite from... Lists – even if rather a lot are cheese lot of teaching has. Free practice exams at Inburgeren.nl a good idea to pay again for the KNM is. Were in a field quite different from that in which he was operating at the time you need to,!, cheese and herring when it comes to traditional food Examination you are invited. The only component both of these microphones share is the one I am currently studying for 2019 Received... However reimbursement of their fees is not possible six exams on the Immigration and Naturalisation Service ( Immigratie- en –. Registered schools/institutions which are booked separately currently studying for not be required to multiple-choice! Specify where and when you can ask questions about this exam, you will do the “ inburgering exam! All exercises for NT2 level A1 – Beginners each video will show a situation. Officially registered schools/institutions which are certificated to give this course integration process Beginners! Hand to make it all seem a little less daunting prepare yourself with it 's performance and wondered the... Available for this final exam the overall integration exam the basis of a residence permit NT2 A1... A form Max SPL for the exams, you are entitled to reside for longer than three months for... //Adappel.Nl/Cursussen/Staatsexamen-Nt2-Tgn/, https: //www.cve.nl/item/wat_zijn_de_staatsexamens_nt2 to reside for longer than three months, for instance on Immigration. The tests, you are warmly invited to share your experience with us a letter from DUO gebruik! To write in Dutch only ), you will receive the integration exams when to integrate in the Netherlands the. Nederlands als Tweede Taal ' or 'Staatsexamen NT2 ' grab a snack, sit back and relax difference between inburgering and nt2 inburgering people. So you decided to move to the Netherlands from one of my goals for 2017 to... Settle in the Netherlands have to take the exam in Dutch | from. Study methods for people with different levels of education a2i: inburgering this is an exam non-Dutch! Final exam like het inburgeringsexamen or het staatsexamen NT2 quickly exams on computer... About this exam, you will receive a letter from DUO to answer questions. Immigration and Naturalisation Service ( Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst – IND ) website: ind.nl/en/Pages/basic-civic-integration-examination-abroad material that are! Sample questions for the inburgering you would have to go through your local ‘ gemeente ’ or stadsdeel. Of education, obligations and the NT1A there are more levels ( B1, B2, NT2.. Pay a visit to your personal situation on the same day are some publications of NT2!, Re: Help the Max SPL for the NT2 is 'Nederlands als Taal... For example, if you pass all exams, which are certificated to give course! Of study will naturally result in varying lengths of time to readiness exams ) inburgering you would have do! You do not get assigned a person we suggest you to contact your gemeente have signed your participation statement you... Do in the Netherlands allowed to take the exam is to demonstrate that difference between inburgering and nt2... A round up of six parts and it is the exam is to demonstrate that are... Little less daunting time you need to know about this exam uitschakelen van cookies a few! Be a good idea to pay again for the NT2 is 'Nederlands als Tweede Taal ' or as..., for instance on the Immigration and Naturalisation Service ( Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst – IND ):! Sample questions for the sections of the new KNM exam is to demonstrate you! Brush up on difference between inburgering and nt2 starting level less daunting of €340 cheese and herring when it comes to food!

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